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Aeschylus

Agamemnon


                                     450 BC

                                   AGAMEMNON

                                  by Aeschylus

                         translated by E.D.A. Morshead
                 
CHARACTERS IN THE PLAY

    A WATCHMAN
    CHORUS OF ARGIVE ELDERS
    CLYTEMNESTRA, wife of AGAMEMNON
    A HERALD
    AGAMEMNON, King of Argos
    CASSANDRA, daughter of Priam, and slave of AGAMEMNON
    AEGISTHUS, son of Thyestes, cousin of AGAMEMNON
    Servants, Attendants, Soldiers
AGAMEMNON
    (SCENE:-Before the palace of AGAMEMNON in Argos. In front of the
        palace there are statues of the gods, and altars prepared for
        sacrifice. It is night. On the roof of the palace can be
        discerned a WATCHMAN.)

  WATCHMAN
    I pray the gods to quit me of my toils,
    To close the watch I keep, this livelong year;
    For as a watch-dog lying, not at rest,
    Propped on one arm, upon the palace-roof
    Of Atreus' race, too long, too well I know
    The starry conclave of the midnight sky,
    Too well, the splendours of the firmament,
    The lords of light, whose kingly aspect shows-
    What time they set or climb the sky in turn-
    The year's divisions, bringing frost or fire.

    And now, as ever, am I set to mark
    When shall stream up the glow of signal-flame,
    The bale-fire bright, and tell its Trojan tale-
    Troy town is ta'en: such issue holds in hope
    She in whose woman's breast beats heart of man.

    Thus upon mine unrestful couch I lie,
    Bathed with the dews of night, unvisited
    By dreams-ah me!-for in the place of sleep
    Stands Fear as my familiar, and repels
    The soft repose that would mine eyelids seal.

    And if at whiles, for the lost balm of sleep,
    I medicine my soul with melody
    Of trill or song-anon to tears I turn,
    Wailing the woe that broods upon this home,
    Not now by honour guided as of old-

    But now at last fair fall the welcome hour
    That sets me free, whene'er the thick night glow
    With beacon-fire of hope deferred no more.
    All hail!
    (A beacon-light is seen reddening the distant sky.)
    Fire of the night, that brings my spirit day,
    Shedding on Argos light, and dance, and song,
    Greetings to fortune, hail!

    Let my loud summons ring within the ears
    Of Agamemnon's queen, that she anon
    Start from her couch and with a shrill voice cry
    A joyous welcome to the beacon-blaze,
    For Ilion's fall; such fiery message gleams
    From yon high flame; and I, before the rest,
    Will foot the lightsome measure of our joy;
    For I can say, My master's dice fell fair-
    Behold! the triple sice, the lucky flame!
    Now be my lot to clasp, in loyal love,
    The hand of him restored, who rules our home:
    Home-but I say no more: upon my tongue
    Treads hard the ox o' the adage.

                                    Had it voice,
    The home itself might soothliest tell its tale;
    I, of set will, speak words the wise may learn,
    To others, nought remember nor discern.
    (He withdraws. The CHORUS OF ARGIVE ELDERS enters, each
        leaning on a staff. During their song CLYTEMNESTRA
        appears in the background, kindling the altars.)
  CHORUS (singing)
      Ten livelong years have rolled away,
      Since the twin lords of sceptred sway,
      By Zeus endowed with pride of place,
      The doughty chiefs of Atreus' race,
        Went forth of yore,
      To plead with Priam, face to face,
        Before the judgment-seat of War!

      A thousand ships from Argive land
      Put forth to bear the martial band,
      That with a spirit stern and strong
      Went out to right the kingdom's wrong-
      Pealed, as they went, the battle-song,
        Wild as the vultures' cry;
      When o'er the eyrie, soaring high,
      In wild bereaved agony,
      Around, around, in airy rings,
      They wheel with oarage of their wings,
      But not the eyas-brood behold,
      That called them to the nest of old;
      But let Apollo from the sky,
      Or Pan, or Zeus, but hear the cry,
      The exile cry, the wail forlorn,
      Of birds from whom their home is torn-
      On those who wrought the rapine fell,

      Heaven sends the vengeful fiends of hell.
      Even so doth Zeus, the jealous lord
      And guardian of the hearth and board,
      Speed Atreus' sons, in vengeful ire,
      'Gainst Paris-sends them forth on fire,
      Her to buy back, in war and blood,
      Whom one did wed but many woo'd!
      And many, many, by his will,
      The last embrace of foes shall feel,
      And many a knee in dust be bowed,
      And splintered spears on shields ring loud,
      Of Trojan and of Greek, before
      That iron bridal-feast be o'er!
      But as he willed 'tis ordered all,
      And woes, by heaven ordained, must fall-
      Unsoothed by tears or spilth of wine
      Poured forth too late, the wrath divine
      Glares vengeance on the flameless shrine.

      And we in grey dishonoured eld,
      Feeble of frame, unfit were held
      To join the warrior array
      That then went forth unto the fray:
      And here at home we tarry, fain
      Our feeble footsteps to sustain,
      Each on his staff-so strength doth wane,
      And turns to childishness again.
      For while the sap of youth is green,
      And, yet unripened, leaps within,
      The young are weakly as the old,
      And each alike unmeet to hold
      The vantage post of war!
      And ah! when flower and fruit are o'er,
        And on life's tree the leaves are sere,
        Age wendeth propped its journey drear,
      As forceless as a child, as light
      And fleeting as a dream of night
      Lost in the garish day!
      But thou, O child of Tyndareus,
        Queen Clytemnestra, speak! and say
        What messenger of joy to-day
      Hath won thine ear? what welcome news,
      That thus in sacrificial wise
      E'en to the city's boundaries
      Thou biddest altar-fires arise?
      Each god who doth our city guard,
      And keeps o'er Argos watch and ward
        From heaven above, from earth below-
      The mighty lords who rule the skies,
      The market's lesser deities,
        To each and all the altars glow,
      Piled for the sacrifice!
      And here and there, anear, afar,
      Streams skyward many a beacon-star,
      Conjur'd and charm'd and kindled well
      By pure oil's soft and guileless spell,
      Hid now no more
      Within the palace' secret store.

      O queen, we pray thee, whatsoe'er,
        Known unto thee, were well revealed,
      That thou wilt trust it to our ear,
        And bid our anxious heart be healed!
      That waneth now unto despair-
      Now, waxing to a presage fair,
      Dawns, from the altar, to scare
      From our rent hearts the vulture Care.

                                                            strophe 1

    List! for the power is mine, to chant on high
      The chiefs' emprise, the strength that omens gave!
    List! on my soul breathes yet a harmony,
      From realms of ageless powers, and strong to save!

    How brother kings, twin lords of one command,
      Led forth the youth of Hellas in their flower,
    Urged on their way, with vengeful spear and brand,
      By warrior-birds, that watched the parting hour.

    Go forth to Troy, the eagles seemed to cry-
      And the sea-kings obeyed the sky-kings' word,
    When on the right they soared across the sky,
      And one was black, one bore a white tail barred.

    High o'er the palace were they seen to soar,
      Then lit in sight of all, and rent and tare,
    Far from the fields that she should range no more,
      Big with her unborn brood, a mother-hare.

    (Ah woe and well-a-day! but be the issue fair!

                                                        antistrophe 1

    And one beheld, the soldier-prophet true,
      And the two chiefs, unlike of soul and will,
    In the twy-coloured eagles straight he knew,
      And spake the omen forth, for good and in.

    Go forth, he cried, and Priam's town shall fall.
      Yet long the time shall be; and flock and herd,
    The people's wealth, that roam before the wall,
      Shall force hew down, when Fate shall give the word,

    But O beware! lest wrath in Heaven abide,
      To dim the glowing battle-forge once more,
    And mar the mighty curb of Trojan pride,
      The steel of vengeance, welded as for war!

    For virgin Artemis bears jealous hate
      Against the royal house, the eagle-pair,
    Who rend the unborn brood, insatiate-
      Yea, loathes their banquet on the quivering hare.

    (Ah woe and well-a-day! but be the issue fair!)

                                                                epode

    For well she loves-the goddess kind and mild-
      The tender new-born cubs of lions bold,
    Too weak to range-and well the sucking child
      Of every beast that roams by wood and wold.

    So to the Lord of Heaven she prayeth still,
      "Nay, if it must be, be the omen true!
    Yet do the visioned eagles presage ill;
      The end be well, but crossed with evil too!"

    Healer Apollo! be her wrath controll'd
      Nor weave the long delay of thwarting gales,
    To war against the Danaans and withhold
      From the free ocean-waves their eager sails!

    She craves, alas! to see a second life
      Shed forth, a curst unhallowed sacrifice-
    'Twixt wedded souls, artificer of strife,
      And hate that knows not fear, and fell device.

    At home there tarries like a lurking snake,
      Biding its time, a wrath unreconciled,
    A wily watcher, passionate to slake,
      In blood, resentment for a murdered child.

    Such was the mighty warning, pealed of yore-
      Amid good tidings, such the word of fear,
    What time the fateful eagles hovered o'er
      The kings, and Calchas read the omen clear.

    (In strains like his, once more,
    Sing woe and well-a-day! but be the issue fair!)

                                                            strophe 2

      Zeus-if to The Unknown
        That name of many names seem good-
      Zeus, upon Thee I call.
        Thro' the mind's every road
      I passed, but vain are all,
      Save that which names thee Zeus, the Highest One,
        Were it but mine to cast away the load,
    The weary load, that weighs my spirit down.

                                                        antistrophe 2

      He that was Lord of old,
    In full-blown pride of place and valour bold,
      Hath fallen and is gone, even as an old tale told:
      And he that next held sway,
      By stronger grasp o'erthrown
      Hath pass'd away!
    And whoso now shall bid the triumph-chant arise
      To Zeus, and Zeus alone,
    He shall be found the truly wise.

                                                            strophe 3

    'Tis Zeus alone who shows the perfect way
      Of knowledge: He hath ruled,
    Men shall learn wisdom, by affliction schooled.

      In visions of the night, like dropping rain,
      Descend the many memories of pain
    Before the spirit's sight: through tears and dole
      Comes wisdom o'er the unwilling soul-
      A boon, I wot, of all Divinity,
    That holds its sacred throne in strength, above the sky!

                                                        antistrophe 3

    And then the elder chief, at whose command
      The fleet of Greece was manned,
        Cast on the seer no word of hate,
        But veered before the sudden breath of Fate-

      Ah, weary while! for, ere they put forth sail,
      Did every store, each minish'd vessel, fail,
        While all the Achaean host
        At Aulis anchored lay,
      Looking across to Chalcis and the coast
      Where refluent waters welter, rock, and sway;

                                                            strophe 4

        And rife with ill delay
      From northern Strymon blew the thwarting blast-
        Mother of famine fell,
        That holds men wand'ring still
      Far from the haven where they fain would be!-
        And pitiless did waste
      Each ship and cable, rotting on the sea,
          And, doubling with delay each weary hour,
      Withered with hope deferred th' Achaeans' warlike flower.

        But when, for bitter storm, a deadlier relief,
        And heavier with ill to either chief,
    Pleading the ire of Artemis, the seer avowed,
        The two Atreidae smote their sceptres on the plain,
        And, striving hard, could not their tears restrain!

                                                        antistrophe 4

        And then the elder monarch spake aloud-
          Ill lot were mine, to disobey!
        And ill, to smite my child, my household's love and pride!
        To stain with virgin blood a father's hands, and slay
          My daughter, by the altar's side!
          'Twixt woe and woe I dwell-
        I dare not like a recreant fly,
    And leave the league of ships, and fail each true ally;
        For rightfully they crave, with eager fiery mind,
        The virgin's blood, shed forth to lull the adverse wind-
          God send the deed be well!

                                                            strophe 5

          Thus on his neck he took
          Fate's hard compelling yoke;
    Then, in the counter-gale of will abhorr'd, accursed,
        To recklessness his shifting spirit veered-
        Alas! that Frenzy, first of ills and worst,
    With evil craft men's souls to sin hath ever stirred!

        And so he steeled his heart-ah, well-a-day-
          Aiding a war for one false woman's sake,
              His child to slay,
          And with her spilt blood make
    An offering, to speed the ships upon their way!

                                                        antistrophe 5

        Lusting for war, the bloody arbiters
    Closed heart and ears, and would nor hear nor heed
          The girl-voice plead,
        Pity me, Father! nor her prayers,
          Nor tender, virgin years.
        So, when the chant of sacrifice was done,
        Her father bade the youthful priestly train
    Raise her, like some poor kid, above the altar-stone,
        From where amid her robes she lay
          Sunk all in swoon away-
    Bade them, as with the bit that mutely tames the steed,
        Her fair lips' speech refrain,
    Lest she should speak a curse on Atreus' home and seed,

                                                            strophe 6

        So, trailing on the earth her robe of saffron dye,
      With one last piteous dart from her beseeching eye.
        Those that should smite she smote
      Fair, silent, as a pictur'd form, but fain
      To plead, Is all forgot?
    How oft those halls of old,
    Wherein my sire high feast did hold,
      Rang to the virginal soft strain,
        When I, a stainless child,
      Sang from pure lips and undefiled,
        Sang of my sire, and all
    His honoured life, and how on him should fall
      Heaven's highest gift and gain!

                                                        antistrophe 6

    And then-but I beheld not, nor can tell,
      What further fate befell:
    But this is sure, that Calchas' boding strain
      Can ne'er be void or vain.
    This wage from justice' hand do sufferers earn,
      The future to discern:
    And yet-farewell, O secret of To-morrow!
      Fore-knowledge is fore-sorrow.
    Clear with the clear beams of the morrow's sun,
      The future presseth on.
    Now, let the house's tale, how dark soe'er,
      Find yet an issue fair!-
    So prays the loyal, solitary band
      That guards the Apian land.

    (They turn to CLYTEMNESTRA, who leaves the altars and comes
        forward.)

  LEADER OF THE CHORUS
    O queen, I come in reverence of thy sway-
    For, while the ruler's kingly seat is void,
    The loyal heart before his consort bends.
    Now-be it sure and certain news of good,
    Or the fair tidings of a flatt'ring hope,
    That bids thee spread the light from shrine to shrine,
    I, fain to hear, yet grudge not if thou hide.
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    As saith the adage, From the womb of Night
    Spring forth, with promise fair, the young child Light.
    Ay-fairer even than all hope my news-
    By Grecian hands is Priam's city ta'en!
  LEADER
    What say'st thou? doubtful heart makes treach'rous ear.
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Hear then again, and plainly-Troy is ours!
  LEADER
    Thrills thro' heart such joy as wakens tears.
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Ay, thro' those tears thine eye looks loyalty.
  LEADER
    But hast thou proof, to make assurance sure?
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Go to; I have-unless the god has lied.
  LEADER
    Hath some night-vision won thee to belief?
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Out on all presage of a slumb'rous soul!
  LEADER
    But wert thou cheered by Rumour's wingless word?
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Peace-thou dost chide me as a credulous girl.
  LEADER
    Say then, how long ago the city fell?
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Even in this night that now brings forth the dawn.
  LEADER
    Yet who so swift could speed the message here?
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    From Ida's top Hephaestus, lord of fire,
    Sent forth his sign; and on, and ever on,
    Beacon to beacon sped the courier-flame.
    From Ida to the crag, that Hermes loves,
    Of Lemnos; thence unto the steep sublime
    Of Athos, throne of Zeus, the broad blaze flared.
    Thence, raised aloft to shoot across the sea,
    The moving light, rejoicing in its strength,
    Sped from the pyre of pine, and urged its way,
    In golden glory, like some strange new sun,
    Onward, and reached Macistus' watching heights.
    There, with no dull delay nor heedless sleep,
    The watcher sped the tidings on in turn,
    Until the guard upon Messapius' peak
    Saw the far flame gleam on Euripus' tide,
    And from the high-piled heap of withered furze
    Lit the new sign and bade the message on.
    Then the strong light, far-flown and yet undimmed,
    Shot thro' the sky above Asopus' plain,
    Bright as the moon, and on Cithaeron's crag
    Aroused another watch of flying fire.
    And there the sentinels no whit disowned,
    But sent redoubled on, the hest of flame
    Swift shot the light, above Gorgopis' bay,
    To Aegiplanctus' mount, and bade the peak
    Fail not the onward ordinance of fire.
    And like a long beard streaming in the wind,
    Full-fed with fuel, roared and rose the blaze,
    And onward flaring, gleamed above the cape,
    Beneath which shimmers the Saronic bay,
    And thence leapt light unto Arachne's peak,
    The mountain watch that looks upon our town.
    Thence to th' Atreides' roof-in lineage fair,
    A bright posterity of Ida's fire.
    So sped from stage to stage, fulfilled in turn,
    Flame after flame, along the course ordained,
    And lo! the last to speed upon its way
    Sights the end first, and glows unto the goal.
    And Troy is ta'en, and by this sign my lord
    Tells me the tale, and ye have learned my word.
  LEADER
    To heaven, O queen, will I upraise new song:
    But, wouldst thou speak once more, I fain would hear
    From first to last the marvel of the tale.
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Think you-this very morn-the Greeks in Troy,
    And loud therein the voice of utter wail!
    Within one cup pour vinegar and oil,
    And look! unblent, unreconciled, they war.
    So in the twofold issue of the strife
    Mingle the victor's shout, the captives' moan.
    For all the conquered whom the sword has spared
    Cling weeping-some unto a brother slain,
    Some childlike to a nursing father's form,
    And wail the loved and lost, the while their neck
    Bows down already 'neath the captive's chain.
    And lo! the victors, now the fight is done,
    Goaded by restless hunger, far and wide
    Range all disordered thro' the town, to snatch
    Such victual and such rest as chance may give
    Within the captive halls that once were Troy-
    Joyful to rid them of the frost and dew,
    Wherein they couched upon the plain of old-
    Joyful to sleep the gracious night all through,
    Unsummoned of the watching sentinel.
    Yet let them reverence well the city's gods,
    The lords of Troy, tho' fallen, and her shrines;
    So shall the spoilers not in turn be spoiled.
    Yea, let no craving for forbidden gain
    Bid conquerors yield before the darts of greed.
    For we need yet, before the race be won,
    Homewards, unharmed, to round the course once more.
    For should the host wax wanton ere it come,
    Then, tho'the sudden blow of fate be spared,
    Yet in the sight of gods shall rise once more
    The great wrong of the slain, to claim revenge.
    Now, hearing from this woman's mouth of mine,
    The tale and eke its warning, pray with me,
    Luck sway the scale, with no uncertain poise,
    For my fair hopes are changed to fairer joys.
  LEADER
    A gracious word thy woman's lips have told,
    Worthy a wise man's utterance, O my queen;
    Now with clear trust in thy convincing tale
    I set me to salute the gods with song,
    Who bring us bliss to counterpoise our pain.
                                 (CLYTEMNESTRA goes into the palace.)
  CHORUS (singing)
    Zeus, Lord of heaven! and welcome night
    Of victory, that hast our might
      With all the glories crowned!
    On towers of Ilion, free no more,
    Hast flung the mighty mesh of war,
      And closely girt them round,
    Till neither warrior may 'scape,
    Nor stripling lightly overleap
    The trammels as they close, and close,
    Till with the grip of doom our foes
      In slavery's coil are bound!

    Zeus, Lord of hospitality,
    In grateful awe I bend to thee-
      'Tis thou hast struck the blow!
      At Alexander, long ago,
    We marked thee bend thy vengeful bow,
    But long and warily withhold
    The eager shaft, which, uncontrolled
    And loosed too soon or launched too high,
    Had wandered bloodless through the sky.

                                                            strophe 1

    Zeus, the high God!-whate'er be dim in doubt,
      This can our thought track out-
    The blow that fells the sinner is of God,
      And as he wills, the rod
    Of vengeance smiteth sore. One said of old,
      The gods list not to hold
    A reckoning with him whose feet oppress
      The grace of holiness-
    An impious word! for whenso'er the sire
      Breathed forth rebellious fire-
    What time his household overflowed the measure
      Of bliss and health and treasure-
    His children's children read the reckoning plain,
      At last, in tears and pain.
    On me let weal that brings no woe be sent,
      And therewithal, content!
    Who spurns the shrine of Right, nor wealth nor power
      Shall be to him a tower,
    To guard him from the gulf: there lies his lot,
      Where all things are forgot.

                                                        antistrophe 1

    Lust drives him on-lust, desperate and wild,
      Fate's sin-contriving child-
    And cure is none; beyond concealment clear,
      Kindles sin's baleful glare.
    As an ill coin beneath the wearing touch
      Betrays by stain and smutch
    Its metal false-such is the sinful wight.
      Before, on pinions light,
    Fair Pleasure flits, and lures him childlike on,
      While home and kin make moan
    Beneath the grinding burden of his crime;
      Till, in the end of time,
    Cast down of heaven, he pours forth fruitless prayer
      To powers that will not hear.

      And such did Paris come
      Unto Atreides' home,
    And thence, with sin and shame his welcome to repay,
      Ravished the wife away-

                                                            strophe 2

    And she, unto her country and her kin
    Leaving the clash of shields and spears and arming ships,
    And bearing unto Troy destruction for a dower,
      And overbold in sin,
    Went fleetly thro' the gates, at midnight hour.
      Oft from the prophets' lips
    Moaned out the warning and the wail-Ah woe!
    Woe for the home, the home! and for the chieftains, woe!
      Woe for the bride-bed, warm
    Yet from the lovely limbs, the impress of the form
      Of her who loved her lord, awhile ago
        And woe! for him who stands
    Shamed, silent, unreproachful, stretching hands
      That find her not, and sees, yet will not see,
          That she is far away!
    And his sad fancy, yearning o'er the sea,
        Shall summon and recall
    Her wraith, once more to queen it in his hall.
        And sad with many memories,
    The fair cold beauty of each sculptured face-
        And all to hatefulness is turned their grace,
    Seen blankly by forlorn and hungering eyes!

                                                        antistrophe 2

      And when the night is deep,
    Come visions, sweet and sad, and bearing pain
      Of hopings vain-
    Void, void and vain, for scarce the sleeping sight
      Has seen its old delight,
    When thro' the grasps of love that bid it stay
      It vanishes away
    On silent wings that roam adown the ways of sleep.

      Such are the sights, the sorrows fell,
    About our hearth-and worse, whereof I may not tell.
      But, all the wide town o'er,
    Each home that sent its master far away
      From Hellas' shore,
    Feels the keen thrill of heart, the pang of loss, to-day.
      For, truth to say,
    The touch of bitter death is manifold!
    Familiar was each face, and dear as life,
      That went unto the war,
    But thither, whence a warrior went of old,
      Doth nought return-
    Only a spear and sword, and ashes in an urn!

                                                            strophe 3

      For Ares, lord of strife,
    Who doth the swaying scales of battle hold,
    War's money-changer, giving dust for gold,
      Sends back, to hearts that held them dear,
    Scant ash of warriors, wept with many a tear,
    Light to the band, but heavy to the soul;
      Yea, fills the light urn full
      With what survived the flame-
    Death's dusty measure of a hero's frame!

    Alas! one cries, and yet alas again!
    Our chief is gone, the hero of the spear,
      And hath not left his peer!
    Ah woe! another moans-my spouse is slain,
      The death of honour, rolled in dust and blood,
    Slain for a woman's sin, a false wife's shame!
      Such muttered words of bitter mood
    Rise against those who went forth to reclaim;
      Yea, jealous wrath creeps on against th' Atreides' name.

        And others, far beneath the Ilian wall,
      Sleep their last sleep-the goodly chiefs and tall,
      Couched in the foeman's land, whereon they gave
    Their breath, and lords of Troy, each in his Trojan grave.

                                                        antistrophe 3

      Therefore for each and all the city's breast
      Is heavy with a wrath supprest,
    As deeply and deadly as a curse more loud
      Flung by the common crowd:
    And, brooding deeply, doth my soul await
      Tidings of coming fate,
    Buried as yet in darkness' womb.
    For not forgetful is the high gods' doom
      Against the sons of carnage: all too long
    Seems the unjust to prosper and be strong,
      Till the dark Furies come,
    And smite with stern reversal all his home,
      Down into dim obstruction-he is gone,
    And help and hope, among the lost, is none!

    O'er him who vaunteth an exceeding fame,
      Impends a woe condign;
    The vengeful bolt upon his eyes doth flame,
      Sped from the hand divine.
    This bliss be mine, ungrudged of God, to feel-
      To tread no city to the dust,
      Nor see my own life thrust
    Down to a glave's estate beneath another's heel!

                                                                epode

    Behold, throughout the city wide
    Have the swift feet of Rumour hied,
      Roused by the joyful flame:
    But is the news they scatter, sooth?
    Or haply do they give for truth
      Some cheat which heaven doth frame?
    A child were he and all unwise,
      Who let his heart with joy be stirred.
    To see the beacon-fires arise,
      And then, beneath some thwarting word,
      Sicken anon with hope deferred.
      The edge of woman's insight still
      Good news from true divideth ill;
    Light rumours leap within the bound
    Then fences female credence round,
    But, lightly born, as lightly dies
    The tale that springs of her surmise.

    (Several days are assumed to have elapsed.)

  LEADER OF THE CHORUS
    Soon shall we know whereof the bale-fires tell,
    The beacons, kindled with transmitted flame;
    Whether, as well I deem, their tale is true,
    Or whether like some dream delusive came
    The welcome blaze but to befool our soul.
    For lo! I see a herald from the shore
    Draw hither, shadowed with the olive-wreath-
    And thirsty dust, twin-brother of the clay,
    Speaks plain of travel far and truthful news-
    No dumb surmise, nor tongue of flame in smoke,
    Fitfully kindled from the mountain pyre;
    But plainlier shall his voice say, All is well,
    Or-but away, forebodings adverse, now,
    And on fair promise fair fulfilment come!
    And whoso for the state prays otherwise,
    Himself reap harvest of his ill desire!

    (A HERALD enters. He is an advance messenger from AGAMEMNON'S
        forces, which have just landed.)

  HERALD
    O land of Argos, fatherland of mine!
    To thee at last, beneath the tenth year's sun,
    My feet return; the bark of my emprise,
    Tho' one by one hope's anchors broke away,
    Held by the last, and now rides safely here.
    Long, long my soul despaired to win, in death,
    Its longed-for rest within our Argive land:
    And now all hail, O earth, and hail to thee,
    New-risen sun! and hail our country's God,
    High-ruling Zeus, and thou, the Pythian lord,
    Whose arrows smote us once-smite thou no morel
    Was not thy wrath wreaked full upon our heads,
    O king Apollo, by Scamander's side?
    Turn thou, be turned, be saviour, healer, now
    And hail, all gods who rule the street and mart
    And Hermes hail! my patron and my pride,
    Herald of heaven, and lord of heralds here!
    And Heroes, ye who sped us on our way-
    To one and all I cry, Receive again
    With grace such Argives as the spear has spared.

    Ah, home of royalty, beloved halls,
    And solemn shrines, and gods that front the morn!
    Benign as erst, with sun-flushed aspect greet
    The king returning after many days.
    For as from night flash out the beams of day,
    So out of darkness dawns a light, a king,
    On you, on Argos-Agamemnon comes.
    Then hail and greet him well I such meed befits
    Him whose right hand hewed down the towers of Troy
    With the great axe of Zeus who righteth wrong-
    And smote the plain, smote down to nothingness
    Each altar, every shrine; and far and wide
    Dies from the whole land's face its offspring fair.
    Such mighty yoke of fate he set on Troy-
    Our lord and monarch, Atreus' elder son,
    And comes at last with blissful honour home;
    Highest of all who walk on earth to-day-
    Not Paris nor the city's self that paid
    Sin's price with him, can boast, Whate'er befall,
    The guerdon we have won outweighs it all.
    But at Fate's judgment-seat the robber stands
    Condemned of rapine, and his prey is torn
    Forth from his hands, and by his deed is reaped
    A bloody harvest of his home and land
    Gone down to death, and for his guilt and lust
    His father's race pays double in the dust.
  LEADER
    Hail, herald of the Greeks, new-come from war.
  HERALD
    All hail! not death itself can fright me now.
  LEADER
    Was thine heart wrung with longing for thy land?
  HERALD
    So that this joy doth brim mine eyes with tears.
  LEADER
    On you too then this sweet distress did fall-
  HERALD
    How say'st thou? make me master of thy word.
  LEADER
    You longed for us who pined for you again.
  HERALD
    Craved the land us who craved it, love for love?
  LEADER
    Yea, till my brooding heart moaned out with pain.
  HERALD
    Whence thy despair, that mars the army's joy?
  LEADER
    Sole cure of wrong is silence, saith the saw.
  HERALD
    Thy kings afar, couldst thou fear other men?
  LEADER
    Death had been sweet, as thou didst say but now.
  HERALD
    'Tis true; Fate smiles at last. Throughout our toil,
    These many years, some chances issued fair,
    And some, I wot, were chequered with a curse.
    But who, on earth, hath won the bliss of heaven,
    Thro' time's whole tenor an unbroken weal?
    I could a tale unfold of toiling oars,
    Ill rest, scant landings on a shore rock-strewn,
    All pains, all sorrows, for our daily doom.
    And worse and hatefuller our woes on land;
    For where we couched, close by the foeman's wall,
    The river-plain was ever dank with dews,
    Dropped from the sky, exuded from the earth,
    A curse that clung unto our sodden garb,
    And hair as horrent as a wild beast's fell.
    Why tell the woes of winter, when the birds
    Lay stark and stiff, so stern was Ida's snow?
    Or summer's scorch, what time the stirless wave
    Sank to its sleep beneath the noon-day sun?
    Why mourn old woes? their pain has passed away;
    And passed away, from those who fell, all care,
    For evermore, to rise and live again.
    Why sum the count of death, and render thanks
    For life by moaning over fate malign?
    Farewell, a long farewell to all our woes!
    To us, the remnant of the host of Greece,
    Comes weal beyond all counterpoise of woe;
    Thus boast we rightfully to yonder sun,
    Like him far-fleeted over sea and land.
    The Argive host prevailed to conquer Troy,
    And in the temples of the gods of Greece
    Hung up these spoils, a shining sign to Time.
    Let those who learn this legend bless aright
    The city and its chieftains, and repay
    The meed of gratitude to Zeus who willed
    And wrought the deed. So stands the tale fulfilled.
  LEADER
    Thy words o'erbear my doubt: for news of good,
    The ear of age hath ever youth enow:
    But those within and Clytemnestra's self
    Would fain hear all; glad thou their ears and mine.
                               (CLYTEMNESTRA enters from the palace.)
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    That night, when first the fiery courier came,
    In sign that Troy is ta'en and razed to earth,
    So wild a cry of joy my lips gave out,
    That I was chidden-Hath the beacon watch
    Made sure unto thy soul the sack of Troy?
    A very woman thou, whose heart leaps light
    At wandering rumours!-and with words like these
    They showed me how I strayed, misled of hope.
    Yet on each shrine I set the sacrifice,
    And, in the strain they held for feminine,
    Went heralds thro' the city, to and fro,
    With voice of loud proclaim, announcing joy;
    And in each fane they lit and quenched with wine
    The spicy perfumes fading in the flame.
    All is fulfilled: I spare your longer tale-
    The king himself anon shall tell me all.

    Remains to think what honour best may greet
    My lord, the majesty of Argos, home.
    What day beams fairer on a woman's eyes
    Than this, whereon she flings the portal wide,
    To hail her lord, heaven-shielded, home from war?
    This to my husband, that he tarry not,
    But turn the city's longing into joy!
    Yea, let him come, and coming may he find
    A wife no other than he left her, true
    And faithful as a watch-dog to his home,
    His foemen's foe, in all her duties leal,
    Trusty to keep for ten long years unmarred
    The store whereon he set his master-seal.
    Be steel deep-dyed, before ye look to see
    Ill joy, ill fame, from other wight, in me!
  HERALD
    'Tis fairly said: thus speaks a noble dame,
    Nor speaks amiss, when truth informs the boast.
    (CLYTEMNESTRA withdraws again into the palace.)
  LEADER
    So has she spoken-be it yours to learn
    By clear interpreters her specious word.
    Turn to me, herald-tell me if anon
    The second well-loved lord of Argos comes?
    Hath Menelaus safely sped with you?
  HERALD
    Alas-brief boon unto my friends it were,
    To flatter them, for truth, with falsehoods fair!
  LEADER
    Speak joy, if truth be joy, but truth, at worst-
    Too plainly, truth and joy are here divorced.
  HERALD
    The hero and his bark were rapt away
    Far from the Grecian fleet; 'tis truth I say.
  LEADER
    Whether in all men's sight from Ilion borne,
    Or from the fleet by stress of weather torn?
  HERALD
    Full on the mark thy shaft of speech doth light,
    And one short word hath told long woes aright.
  LEADER
    But say, what now of him each comrade saith?
    What their forebodings, of his life or death?
  HERALD
    Ask me no more: the truth is known to none,
    Save the earth-fostering, all-surveying Sun.
  LEADER
    Say, by what doom the fleet of Greece was driven?
    How rose, how sank the storm, the wrath of heaven?
  HERALD
    Nay, ill it were to mar with sorrow's tale
    The day of blissful news. The gods demand
    Thanksgiving sundered from solicitude.
    If one as herald came with rueful face
    To say, The curse has fallen, and the host
    Gone down to death; and one wide wound has reached
    The city's heart, and out of many homes
    Many are cast and consecrate to death,
    Beneath the double scourge, that Ares loves,
    The bloody pair, the fire and sword of doom-
    If such sore burden weighed upon my tongue,
    'Twere fit to speak such words as gladden fiends.
    But-coming as he comes who bringeth news
    Of safe return from toil, and issues fair,
    To men rejoicing in a weal restored-
    Dare I to dash good words with ill, and say
    For fire and sea, that erst held bitter feud,
    Now swore conspiracy and pledged their faith,
    Wasting the Argives worn with toil and war.
    Night and great horror of the rising wave
    Came o'er us, and the blasts that blow from Thrace
    Clashed ship with ship, and some with plunging prow
    Thro' scudding drifts of spray and raving storm
    Vanished, as strays by some ill shepherd driven.
    And when at length the sun rose bright, we saw
    Th' Aegaean sea-field flecked with flowers of death,
    Corpses of Grecian men and shattered hulls.
    For us indeed, some god, as well I deem,
    No human power, laid hand upon our helm,
    Snatched us or prayed us from the powers of air,
    And brought our bark thro'all, unharmed in hull:
    And saving Fortune sat and steered us fair,
    So that no surge should gulf us deep in brine,
    Nor grind our keel upon a rocky shore.

    So 'scaped we death that lurks beneath the sea,
    But, under day's white light, mistrustful all
    Of fortune's smile, we sat and brooded deep,
    Shepherds forlorn of thoughts that wandered wild
    O'er this new woe; for smitten was our host,
    And lost as ashes scattered from the pyre.
    Of whom if any draw his life-breath yet,
    Be well assured, he deems of us as dead,
    As we of him no other fate forebode.
    But heaven save all! If Menelaus live,
    He will not tarry, but will surely come:
    Therefore if anywhere the high sun's ray
    Descries him upon earth, preserved by Zeus,
    Who wills not yet to wipe his race away,
    Hope still there is that homeward he may wend.
    Enough-thou hast the truth unto the end.
                                                (The HERALD departs.)

  CHORUS (singing)
                                                            strophe 1

    Say, from whose lips the presage fell?
    Who read the future all too well,
      And named her, in her natal hour,
      Helen, the bride with war for dower
    'Twas one of the Invisible,
      Guiding his tongue with prescient power.
    On fleet, and host, and citadel,
      War, sprung from her, and death did lour,
    When from the bride-bed's fine-spun veil
    She to the Zephyr spread her sail.
    Strong blew the breeze-the surge closed oer
    The cloven track of keel and oar,
      But while she fled, there drove along,
      Fast in her wake, a mighty throng-
    Athirst for blood, athirst for war,
      Forward in fell pursuit they sprung,
    Then leapt on Simois' bank ashore,
      The leafy coppices among-
    No rangers, they, of wood and field,
    But huntsmen of the sword and shield.

                                                        antistrophe 1

    Heaven's jealousy, that works its will,
    Sped thus on Troy its destined ill,
      Well named, at once, the Bride and Bane;
      And loud rang out the bridal strain;
    But they to whom that song befell
      Did turn anon to tears again;
    Zeus tarries, but avenges still
      The husband's wrong, the household's stain!
    He, the hearth's lord, brooks not to see
    Its outraged hospitality.

    Even now, and in far other tone,
    Troy chants her dirge of mighty moan,
      Woe upon Paris, woe and hate!
      Who wooed his country's doom for mate-
    This is the burthen of the groan,
      Wherewith she wails disconsolate
    The blood, so many of her own
      Have poured in vain, to fend her fate;
    Troy! thou hast fed and freed to roam
      A lion-cub within thy home!

                                                            strophe 2

      A suckling creature, newly ta'en
      From mother's teat, still fully fain
      Of nursing care; and oft caressed,
      Within the arms, upon the breast,
    Even as an infant, has it lain;
      Or fawns and licks, by hunger pressed,
    The hand that will assuage its pain;
      In life's young dawn, a well-loved guest,
    A fondling for the children's play,
    A joy unto the old and grey.

                                                        antistrophe 2

    But waxing time and growth betrays
    The blood-thirst of the lion-race,
      And, for the house's fostering care,
      Unbidden all, it revels there,
    And bloody recompense repays-
      Rent flesh of kine, its talons tare:
    A mighty beast, that slays, and slays,
      And mars with blood the household fair,
    A God-sent pest invincible,
    A minister of fate and hell.

                                                            strophe 3

    Even so to Ilion's city came by stealth
        A spirit as of windless seas and skies,
      A gentle phantom-form of joy and wealth,
        With love's soft arrows speeding from its eyes-
    Love's rose, whose thorn doth pierce the soul in subtle wise.

      Ah, well-a-day! the bitter bridal-bed,
        When the fair mischief lay by Paris' side!
      What curse on palace and on people sped
        With her, the Fury sent on Priam's pride,
    By angered Zeus! what tears of many a widowed bride!

                                                        antistrophe 3

      Long, long ago to mortals this was told,
        How sweet security and blissful state
      Have curses for their children-so men hold-
        And for the man of all-too prosperous fate
    Springs from a bitter seed some woe insatiate.

      Alone, alone, I deem far otherwise;
        Not bliss nor wealth it is, but impious deed,
      From which that after-growth of ill doth rise!
        Woe springs from wrong, the plant is like the seed-
    While Right, in honour's house, doth its own likeness breed.

                                                            strophe 4

      Some past impiety, some grey old crime,
        Breeds the young curse, that wantons in our ill,
      Early or late, when haps th'appointed time-
        And out of light brings power of darkness still,
    A master-fiend, a foe, unseen, invincible;

      A pride accursed, that broods upon the race
        And home in which dark Ate holds her sway-
      Sin's child and Woe's, that wears its parents' face;

                                                        antistrophe 4

        While Right in smoky cribs shines clear as day,
      And decks with weal his life, who walks the righteous way.

      From gilded halls, that hands polluted raise,
        Right turns away with proud averted eyes,
      And of the wealth, men stamp amiss with praise,
        Heedless, to poorer, holier temples hies,
    And to Fate's goal guides all, in its appointed wise.

    (AGAMEMNON enters, riding in a chariot and accompanied by
        a great procession. CASSANDRA follows in another chariot.
        The CHORUS sings its welcome.)

        Hail to thee, chief of Atreus' race,
        Returning proud from Troy subdued!
        How shall I greet thy conquering face?
        How nor a fulsome praise obtrude,
        Nor stint the meed of gratitude?
        For mortal men who fall to ill
        Take little heed of open truth,
        But seek unto its semblance still:
        The show of weeping and of ruth
        To the forlorn will all men pay,
        But, of the grief their eyes display,
        Nought to the heart doth pierce its way.
        And, with the joyous, they beguile
       Their lips unto a feigned smile,
       And force a joy, unfelt the while;
       But he who as a shepherd wise
         Doth know his flock, can ne'er misread
       Truth in the falsehood of his eyes,
       Who veils beneath a kindly guise
         A lukewarm love in deed.
       And thou, our leader-when of yore
       Thou badest Greece go forth to war
       For Helen's sake-I dare avow
       That then I held thee not as now;
       That to my vision thou didst seem
       Dyed in the hues of disesteem.
       I held thee for a pilot ill,
       And reckless, of thy proper will,
       Endowing others doomed to die
       With vain and forced audacity!
       Now from my heart, ungrudgingly,
       To those that wrought, this word be said-
       Well fall the labour ye have sped-
       Let time and search, O king, declare
       What men within thy city's bound
       Were loyal to the kingdom's care,
       And who were faithless found.
  AGAMEMNON (still standing in the chariot)
    First, as is meet, a king's All-hail be said
    To Argos, and the gods that guard the land-
    Gods who with me availed to speed us home,
    With me availed to wring from Priam's town
    The due of justice. In the court of heaven
    The gods in conclave sat and judged the cause,
    Not from a pleader's tongue, and at the close,
    Unanimous into the urn of doom
    This sentence gave, On Ilion and her men,
    Death: and where hope drew nigh to pardon's urn
    No hand there was to cast a vote therein.
    And still the smoke of fallen Ilion
    Rises in sight of all men, and the flame
    Of Ate's hecatomb is living yet,
    And where the towers in dusty ashes sink,
    Rise the rich fumes of pomp and wealth consumed
    For this must all men pay unto the gods
    The meed of mindful hearts and gratitude:
    For by our hands the meshes of revenge
    Closed on the prey, and for one woman's sake
    Troy trodden by the Argive monster lies-
    The foal, the shielded band that leapt the wall,
    What time with autumn sank the Pleiades.
    Yea, o'er the fencing wall a lion sprang
    Ravening, and lapped his fill of blood of kings.

    Such prelude spoken to the gods in full,
    To you I turn, and to the hidden thing
    Whereof ye spake but now: and in that thought
    I am as you, and what ye say, say I.
    For few are they who have such inborn grace,
    As to look up with love, and envy not,
    When stands another on the height of weal.
    Deep in his heart, whom jealousy hath seized,
    Her poison lurking doth enhance his load;
    For now beneath his proper woes he chafes,
    And sighs withal to see another's weal.

    I speak not idly, but from knowledge sure-
    There be who vaunt an utter loyalty,
    That is but as the ghost of friendship dead,
    A shadow in a glass, of faith gone by.
    One only-he who went reluctant forth
    Across the seas with me-Odysseus-he
    Was loyal unto me with strength and will,
    A trusty trace-horse bound unto my car.
    Thus-be he yet beneath the light of day,
    Or dead, as well I fear-I speak his praise.
    Lastly, whate'er be due to men or gods,

    With joint debate, in public council held,
    We will decide, and warily contrive
    That all which now is well may so abide:
    For that which haply needs the healer's art,
    That will we medicine, discerning well
    If cautery or knife befit the time.

    Now, to my palace and the shrines of home,
    I will pass in, and greet you first and fair,
    Ye gods, who bade me forth, and home again-
    And long may Victory tarry in my train!

    (CLYTEMNESTRA enters from the palace, followed by maidens
        bearing crimson robes.)
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Old men of Argos, lieges of our realm,
    Shame shall not bid me shrink lest ye should see
    The love I bear my lord. Such blushing fear
    Dies at the last from hearts of human kind.
    From mine own soul and from no alien lips,
    I know and will reveal the life I bore.
    Reluctant, through the lingering livelong years,
    The while my lord beleaguered Ilion's wall.

    First, that a wife sat sundered from her lord,
    In widowed solitude, was utter woe
    And woe, to hear how rumour's many tongues
    All boded evil-woe, when he who came
    And he who followed spake of ill on ill,
    Keening Lost, lost, all lost! thro' hall and bower.
    Had this my husband met so many wounds,
    As by a thousand channels rumour told,
    No network e'er was full of holes as he.
    Had he been slain, as oft as tidings came
    That he was dead, he well might boast him now
    A second Geryon of triple frame,
    With triple robe of earth above him laid-
    For that below, no matter-triply dead,
    Dead by one death for every form he bore.
    And thus distraught by news of wrath and woe,
    Oft for self-slaughter had I slung the noose,
    But others wrenched it from my neck away.
    Hence haps it that Orestes, thine and mine,
    The pledge and symbol of our wedded troth,
    Stands not beside us now, as he should stand.
    Nor marvel thou at this: he dwells with one
    Who guards him loyally; 'tis Phocis' king,
    Strophius, who warned me erst, Bethink thee, queen,
    What woes of doubtful issue well may fall
    Thy lord in daily jeopardy at Troy,
    While here a populace uncurbed may cry,
    "Down witk the council, down!" bethink thee too,
    'Tis the world's way to set a harder heel
    On fallen power.

                    For thy child's absence then
    Such mine excuse, no wily afterthought.
    For me, long since the gushing fount of tears
    Is wept away; no drop is left to shed.
    Dim are the eyes that ever watched till dawn,
    Weeping, the bale-fires, piled for thy return,
    Night after night unkindled. If I slept,
    Each sound-the tiny humming of a gnat,
    Roused me again, again, from fitful dreams
    Wherein I felt thee smitten, saw thee slain,
    Thrice for each moment of mine hour of sleep.

    All this I bore, and now, released from woe,
    I hail my lord as watch-dog of a fold,
    As saving stay-rope of a storm-tossed ship,
    As column stout that holds the roof aloft,
    As only child unto a sire bereaved,
    As land beheld, past hope, by crews forlorn,
    As sunshine fair when tempest's wrath is past,
    As gushing spring to thirsty wayfarer.
    So sweet it is to 'scape the press of pain.
    With such salute I bid my husband hail
    Nor heaven be wroth therewith! for long and hard
    I bore that ire of old.

                          Sweet lord, step forth,
    Step from thy car, I pray-nay, not on earth
    Plant the proud foot, O king, that trod down Troy!
    Women! why tarry ye, whose task it is
    To spread your monarch's path with tapestry?
    Swift, swift, with purple strew his passage fair,
    That justice lead him to a home, at last,
    He scarcely looked to see.
    (The attendant women spread the tapestry.)
                             For what remains,
    Zeal unsubdued by sleep shall nerve my hand
    To work as right and as the gods command.
  AGAMEMNON (still in the chariot)
    Daughter of Leda, watcher o'er my home,
    Thy greeting well befits mine absence long,
    For late and hardly has it reached its end.
    Know, that the praise which honour bids us crave,
    Must come from others' lips, not from our own:
    See too that not in fashion feminine
    Thou make a warrior's pathway delicate;
    Not unto me, as to some Eastern lord,
    Bowing thyself to earth, make homage loud.
    Strew not this purple that shall make each step
    An arrogance; such pomp beseems the gods,
    Not me. A mortal man to set his foot
    On these rich dyes? I hold such pride in fear,
    And bid thee honour me as man, not god.
    Fear not-such footcloths and all gauds apart,
    Loud from the trump of Fame my name is blown;
    Best gift of heaven it is, in glory's hour,
    To think thereon with soberness: and thou-
    Bethink thee of the adage, Call none blest
    Till peaceful death have crowned a life of weal.
    'Tis said: I fain would fare unvexed by fear.
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Nay, but unsay it-thwart not thou my will!
  AGAMEMNON
    Know, I have said, and will not mar my word.
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Was it fear made this meekness to the gods?
  AGAMEMNON
    If cause be cause, 'tis mine for this resolve.
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    What, think'st thou, in thy place had Priam done?
  AGAMEMNON
    He surely would have walked on broidered robes.
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Then fear not thou the voice of human blame.
  AGAMEMNON
    Yet mighty is the murmur of a crowd.
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Shrink not from envy, appanage of bliss.
  AGAMEMNON
    War is not woman's part, nor war of words.
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Yet happy victors well may yield therein.
  AGAMEMNON
    Dost crave for triumph in this petty strife?
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Yield; of thy grace permit me to prevail!
  AGAMEMNON
    Then, if thou wilt, let some one stoop to loose
    Swiftly these sandals, slaves beneath my foot;
    And stepping thus upon the sea's rich dye,
    I pray, Let none among the gods look down
    With jealous eye on me-reluctant all,
    To trample thus and mar a thing of price,
    Wasting the wealth of garments silver-worth.
    Enough hereof: and, for the stranger maid,
    Lead her within, but gently: God on high
    Looks graciously on him whom triumph's hour
    Has made not pitiless. None willingly
    Wear the slave's yoke-and she, the prize and flower
    Of all we won, comes hither in my train,
    Gift of the army to its chief and lord.
    -Now, since in this my will bows down to thine,
    I will pass in on purples to my home.

    (He descends from the chariot, and moves towards the palace.)

  CLYTEMNESTRA
    A Sea there is-and who shall stay its springs?
    And deep within its breast, a mighty store,
    Precious as silver, of the purple dye,
    Whereby the dipped robe doth its tint renew.
    Enough of such, O king, within thy halls
    There lies, a store that cannot fail; but I-
    I would have gladly vowed unto the gods
    Cost of a thousand garments trodden thus,
    (Had once the oracle such gift required)
    Contriving ransom for thy life preserved.
    For while the stock is firm the foliage climbs,
    Spreading a shade, what time the dog-star glows;
    And thou, returning to thine hearth and home,
    Art as a genial warmth in winter hours,
    Or as a coolness, when the lord of heaven
    Mellows the juice within the bitter grape.
    Such boons and more doth bring into a home
    The present footstep of its proper lord.
    Zeus, Zeus, Fulfilment's lord! my vows fulfil,
    And whatsoe'er it be, work forth thy will!
                             (She follows AGAMEMNON into the palace.)

  CHORUS (singing)
                                                            strophe 1

        Wherefore for ever on the wings of fear
          Hovers a vision drear
        Before my boding heart? a strain,
        Unbidden and unwelcome, thrills mine ear,
          Oracular of pain.
        Not as of old upon my bosom's throne
          Sits Confidence, to spurn
          Such fears, like dreams we know not to discern.
    Old, old and grey long since the time has grown,
          Which saw the linked cables moor
      The fleet, when erst it came to Ilion's sandy shore;

                                                        antistrophe 1

          And now mine eyes and not another's see
            Their safe return.

          Yet none the less in me
      The inner spirit sings a boding song,
          Self-prompted, sings the Furies' strain-
            And seeks, and seeks in vain,
            To hope and to be strong!

      Ah! to some end of Fate, unseen, unguessed,
          Are these wild throbbings of my heart and breast-
            Yea, of some doom they tell-
              Each pulse, a knell.
          Lief, lief I were, that all
      To unfulfilment's hidden realm might fall.

                                                            strophe 2

        Too far, too far our mortal spirits strive,
          Grasping at utter weal, unsatisfied-
        Till the fell curse, that dwelleth hard beside,
        Thrust down the sundering wall. Too fair they blow,
          The gales that waft our bark on Fortune's tide!
          Swiftly we sail, the sooner an to drive
          Upon the hidden rock, the reef of woe.
        Then if the hand of caution warily
          Sling forth into the sea
        Part of the freight, lest all should sink below,
        From the deep death it saves the bark: even so,
          Doom-laden though it be, once more may rise
          His household, who is timely wise.

          How oft the famine-stricken field
    Is saved by God's large gift, the new year's yield!

                                                        antistrophe 2

            But blood of man once spilled,
         Once at his feet shed forth, and darkening the plain,-
           Nor chant nor charm can call it back again.
            So Zeus hath willed:

    Else had he spared the leech Asclepius, skilled
        To bring man from the dead: the hand divine
    Did smite himself with death-a warning and a sign-

        Ah me! if Fate, ordained of old,
    Held not the will of gods constrained, controlled,
        Helpless to us-ward, and apart-
        Swifter than speech my heart
    Had poured its presage out!
    Now, fretting, chafing in the dark of doubt,
        'Tis hopeless to unfold
    Truth, from fear's tangled skein; and, yearning to proclaim
        Its thought, my soul is prophecy and flame.

    (CLYTEMNESTRA comes out of the palace and addresses CASSANDRA,
        who has remained motionless in her chariot.)

  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Get thee within thou too, Cassandra, go!
    For Zeus to thee in gracious mercy grants
    To share the sprinklings of the lustral bowl,
    Beside the altar of his guardianship,
    Slave among many slaves. What, haughty still?
    Step from the car; Alcmena's son, 'tis said,
    Was sold perforce and bore the yoke of old.
    Ay, hard it is, but, if such fate befall,
    'Tis a fair chance to serve within a home
    Of ancient wealth and power. An upstart lord,
    To whom wealth's harvest came beyond his hope,
    Is as a lion to his slaves, in all
    Exceeding fierce, immoderate in sway.
    Pass in: thou hearest what our ways will be.
  LEADER OF THE CHORUS
    Clear unto thee, O maid, is her command,
    But thou-within the toils of Fate thou art-
    If such thy will, I urge thee to obey;
    Yet I misdoubt thou dost nor hear nor heed.
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    I wot-unless like swallows she doth use
    Some strange barbarian tongue from oversea-
    My words must speak persuasion to her soul.
  LEADER
    Obey: there is no gentler way than this.
    Step from the car's high seat and follow her.
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    Truce to this bootless waiting here without!
    I will not stay: beside the central shrine
    The victims stand, prepared for knife and fire-
    Offerings from hearts beyond all hope made glad.
    Thou-if thou reckest aught of my command,
    'Twere well done soon: but if thy sense be shut
    From these my words, let thy barbarian hand
    Fulfil by gesture the default of speech.
  LEADER
    No native is she, thus to read thy words
    Unaided: like some wild thing of the wood,
    New-trapped, behold! she shrinks and glares on thee.
  CLYTEMNESTRA
    'Tis madness and the rule of mind distraught,
    Since she beheld her city sink in fire,
    And hither comes, nor brooks the bit, until
    In foam and blood her wrath be champed away.
    See ye to her; unqueenly 'tis for me,
    Unheeded thus to cast away my words.
                                    (CLYTEMNESTRA enters the palace.)
  LEADER
    But with me pity sits in anger's place.
    Poor maiden, come thou from the car; no way
    There is but this-take up thy servitude.
  CASSANDRA (chanting)
    Woe, woe, alas! Earth, Mother Earth! and thou
    Apollo, Apollo!
  LEADER
    Peace! shriek not to the bright prophetic god,
    Who will not brook the suppliance of woe.
  CASSANDRA (chanting)
    Woe, woe, alas! Earth, Mother Earth! and thou
    Apollo, Apollo!
  LEADER
    Hark, with wild curse she calls anew on him,
    Who stands far off and loathes the voice of wail.
  CASSANDRA (chanting)
    Apollo, Apollo!
    God of all ways, but only Death's to me,
    Once and again, O thou, Destroyer named,
    Thou hast destroyed me, thou, my love of old!
  LEADER
    She grows presageful of her woes to come,
    Slave tho' she be, instinct with prophecy.
  CASSANDRA (chanting)
    Apollo, Apollo!
    God of all ways, but only Death's to me,
    O thou Apollo, thou Destroyer named!
    What way hast led me, to what evil home?
  LEADER
    Know'st thou it not? The home of Atreus' race:
    Take these my words for sooth and ask no more.
  CASSANDRA (chanting)
    Home cursed of God! Bear witness unto me,
    Ye visioned woes within-
    The blood-stained hands of them that smite their kin-
    The strangling noose, and, spattered o'er
    With human blood, the reeking floor!
  LEADER
    How like a sleuth-hound questing on the track,
    Keen-scented unto blood and death she hies!
  CASSANDRA (chanting)
    Ah! can the ghostly guidance fail,
    Whereby my prophet-soul is onwards led?
    Look! for their flesh the spectre-children wail,
    Their sodden limbs on which their father fed!
  LEADER
    Long since we knew of thy prophetic fame,-
    But for those deeds we seek no prophet's tongue-
  CASSANDRA (chanting)
    God! 'tis another crime-
    Worse than the storied woe of olden time,
    Cureless, abhorred, that one is plotting here-
    A shaming death, for those that should be dear
      Alas! and far away, in foreign land,
      He that should help doth stand!
  LEADER
      I knew th' old tales, the city rings withal-
      But now thy speech is dark, beyond my ken.
  CASSANDRA (chanting)
      O wretch, O purpose fell!



Source:

This text is part of the Internet Ancient History Sourcebook. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to ancient history. Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the document is copyright. Permission is granted for electronic copying, distribution in print form for educational purposes and personal use. If you do reduplicate the document, indicate the source. No permission is granted for commercial use.

Paul Halsall, February 2023
ihsp@Fordham.edu


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