Ancient History

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Studying History Human Origins Mesopotamia/Syria Egypt Persia Israel Greece Hellenistic World Rome Late Antiquity Christian Origins
IHSP Credits

Internet Ancient History Sourcebook

Legal Texts



Ancient Legal Links

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Ancient Legal History: Discussions
  • 2ND Henry Sumner Maine: Ancient Law [At McMaster] [Internet Archive backup here]

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Ancient Near East

Sumeria (c. 3100-c. 2000 BCE)

Akkadia (c.2350-2200 BCE)

Babylonia (c.2000-1600 BCE)

Kassites and Hittites (c.1600-717 BCE)

Assyria (c.1350- 612 BCE)

Chaldea/Neo-Babylonia (612-539 BCE)

Carthage: The Punic Empire

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Gender and Sexuality

  • For Women: WEB Diotima: Ward Texts [All now via Internet Acrhive]
    • Will of Prince Nikaure, son of King Khafre (ca. 2600 B.C.)
    • The Wills of Two Brothers and the Inheritance of One Brother's Wife (ca. 1900 B.C.)
    • Dispute over Property between a Mother and Daughter
    • Marriage Agreement between a Bridegroom and his Father-in-law
    • A Wife Wins a Dispute over Her Inheritance
    • A Woman Charges her Husband with Wife Abuse
    • A Father's Promise to his Daughter in Case of Divorce
    • A Woman Asks an Oracle to Settle a dispute over land
    • The Will of Amonkhau in Favor of His Second Wife (ca. 1100 B.C.)
    • A Daughter's Double Inheritance of Family Property (13th c. B.C.)

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People of Israel

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The Hellenistic World

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Civil Wars and Revolution

  • Cicero (105-43 BCE)
    • Cicero (105-43 BCE): On the Laws, excerpts from Books II and III [At this Site]
    • Cicero (105-43 BCE): On the Republic, excerpts from Book I [At this Site]
  • The Roman Candidate, 64, 54 BCE [At this Site]
    Quintus Cicero, Letter to His Brother Marcus Cicero, on the problems of running for office.

The Principate to 192 CE

Later Roman Law

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Late Antiquity

Military Revolution and Government

The "Triumph" of the Church

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The Internet Ancient History Sourcebook is part of the Internet History Sourcebooks Project. The date of inception was 4/8/1998. Links to files at other site are indicated by [At some indication of the site name or location]. WEB indicates a link to one of small number of high quality web sites which provide either more texts or an especially valuable overview.

The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is located at the History Department of  Fordham University, New York. The Internet Medieval Sourcebook, and other medieval components of the project, are located at the Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies.The IHSP recognizes the contribution of Fordham University, the Fordham University History Department, and the Fordham Center for Medieval Studies in providing web space and server support for the project. The IHSP is a project independent of Fordham University.  Although the IHSP seeks to follow all applicable copyright law, Fordham University is not the institutional owner, and is not liable as the result of any legal action.

© Site Concept and Design: Paul Halsall, created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 12 July 2024 [CV]