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Byzantine Paleography:
Worked Example 1

This example is based on the Chludov Psalter, Moscow State Historical Museum, MS. Add. gr. 120, fol. 23v. The Psalter is an illuminated minuscule MS with much use of uncial forms. The complete page is available to see here. It comprises Psalm 25 (26 by Hebrew/KJV numbering).

Written Text with modern transcription
English Version
Judge me, O Lord, for I have walked in my innocence; and hoping in the Lord I shall not be moved.




Prove me, O Lord and try me; purify me as with fire my reins (kidneys) and my heart..




For thy mercy is before mine eyes; and I am well pleased with thy truth.





I have not sat with the council of vanity, and I will in nowise enter in with transgresors.

Source: Judith Herrin, The Formation of Christendom, (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987), fig. 16

English version: The Septuagint, trans. Sir Lancelot Brenton, (London: 1951), Psalm 25 (26):1-4

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© Site Concept and Design: Paul Halsall created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 14 June 2024 [CV]